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Glossary

Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years, 5 months ago
Ai hanmi Equal or mutual stance; partners stand facing one another with the same foot forward, i.e. both have their right foot forward.
Atemi Defensive strike to the vital parts of the opponent's body; striking techniques
ChokusenDirect. Thus Chokusen Iriminage = direct entry Iriminage.
Chudan Middle position
Gedan Low position
Gokkyo Fifth pinning technique; used against tanto
Gyaku hanmi Opposite stance; partners stand with the opposite foot forward, i.e. one has right foot forward, the other has left foot forward
HajikigoshiPushing hip throw
Hai dozoyes, please (practice what I have demonstrated)
Haishin undoBackstretch
HanmiTriangular stance with either left or right foot forward
Hanmi Handachi Techniques that begin with nage kneeling and uke standing.
Henka Waza Varied technique. beginning one technique and changing to another
Hidari Left
Hijitori Elbow grab
Hitoe IriminageIriminage with both arms in uke's front
Ikkyo First pinning technique; applying pressure to the arm & elbow
Irimi To enter moving forward and pass through without collision, one of three basic entering movements
IriminageEntering technique
IrimigoshiKoshinage that begins with Iriminage
Jodan High position
Jo tori Techniques against an attack with a jo, concludes with taking the jo from the attacker.
Jiyu waza A kind of free style practice usually done with the uke making only one kind of attack.
Juji garamiCrossed-arm control
Juji nageCross-armed throw
Jutaimoving techniques; start technique just as uke grabs, but before he clamps down
Kaeshi Waza Technique reversal. (Uke becomes Nage and vice- versa).
Kaitennage Rotary throw
Kakedoing the technique (3rd step in doing aikido - evade, kuzushi, kake, zanshin)
KakarienkoGroup or line practice
Kata Set series of movements that teaches basic forms and principles
Katatori Shoulder grab
Katatetori Wrist grab
Katatetori MenuchiGrab the wrist one hand and block the nage's strike with the other hand. Alternatively grab and strike with the other hand.
Kiai A piercing scream or cry, to shout with Ki
Kihonbasic techniques, or any technique practiced slowly with attention to detail
Ki Musubi Ki blending
Ki no gareflowing techniques; nage draws out uke and blends with him
Koho KaitenBackward roll
Kokyuho Seated kokyu exercise
Kokyu Ryoku The power harnessed through practice of kokyu
Kokyu Breath- power
KokyunageBreath throw or timing throw; usually where nage is not grabbing the uke when executing the throw, often used for techniques that do not have a specific name
Koshi Hips, waist, also the entire hip area of the body
KoshinageHip throw
Kotegaeshi Wrist turn out throw; wrist twisting technique
Kotehineri koshinageKoshinage while grabbing the uke's wrist
Kumi jo Practice in which both partners have a jo
Kumi tachi Practice in which both partners have a bokken
Kuzushitaking uke's balance
Ma-ai Distance between uke and nage, also relative position
MaeFront. Thus "Mae Ukemi" = forward fall/roll.
MakiotoshiRolling drop, wrapping throw
Migi Right
Morotetori Uke uses both hands to hold one of the nage's wrist/forearms
Munatori Lapel grab
NafudakakeA board containing wooden slats that list the members of their dojo next to their respective rank
Nikkyo Second technique; Wrist-bending technique
OgoshiBasic big koshinage
Omote Front
Omote wazaVariation of technique to front side of uke, moving in front
Nage The person who is attacked and performs the technique; he who throws
Randori Multiple person attack; freestyle
Renzoko WazaSubset of henka waza, in which the initial and subsequent techniques are completely different.
Ryokatatori Both shoulders grabbed
Ryotetori Both wrists are grabbed
SaoiotoshiShoulder drop
Sankyo Third technique; wrist-twisting technique
SeizaFormal kneeling position with back straight
Shihonage Four directions throw
Shikko Knee walking; basic way of moving when performing suwari waza techniques
Shikaku Literally "dead angle." A position in which it is difficult for uke to continue to attack, and from which it is relatively easy to control uke's balance and movement. The first phase of an Aikido technique is almost always to enter Shikaku.
Shomenuchi Strike to the center of the head
SotokaitenOutside turning variation of a technique
Suburi A single movement using the bokken or jo, done as a solo practice, e.g. practicing shomenuchi repeatedly
SumiotoshiCorner drop throw
SurinukePassing through variation of a technique
Suwari Waza Sitting techniques
TaiotoshiBody drop; usually pushing on uke's elbow
TaijutsuBody techniques, i.e., unarmed practice.
Tai Sabaki Body movement
TachiA type of Japanese sword (thus "standing position").
Tachitori Techniques where uke attacks with a sword and nage is empty handed, techniques of taking an opponent's sword
Tachi WazaStanding techniques
Tanden A point located in the lower abdomen about two inches below the navel, the physical and spiritual center of a person; also "hara"
TantotoriTechniques where uke attacks with a knife; Knife disarming techniques
Tegatana Hand blade; sword edge of hand below the pinky finger
Tenchinage Heaven and earth throw; One hand moves up, the other down
TenkanTurning movement, one of the three basic entering movements
Tenkan Dosa The basic blending practice; tenkan exercise, also "Tai No Henko"
TenshinStepping back, the third basic way of entering
Toitstai The united body; a position used when throwing in which the face, hands, tanden, hips and toes are all pointed in the same direction
Tsuki Straight thrust, punch
TsukiageLifting uke's chin to throw
Tsurube goshiHolding the sleeve koshinage
UchiInside
UchikaitenVariation of technique using inside turning
Uke Person who gives the attack and receives the technique
Ukemi The art of receiving the technique and falling without harm
UkiotoshiReceiving drop
UkigoshiFront hip koshinage
Ura the back side of uke; moving behind
Ura wazavariation of technique moving to back side of uke
UshiroBack, behind, rear
Ushiro Eritori Collar grab from behind
Ushiro Hijitori Elbows grabbed from the rear
Ushiro Kubishimi Rear choke, uke grabs one of nage's wrists from behind, and chokes with the other hand.
Ushiro Ryokatatori Both shoulders grabbed from behind
Ushiro Ryotetori Same as Ushiro Tekubitori
Ushiro Tekubitori Both wrists grabbed from behind
Waza Technique
Yokomenuchi Strike to the side of the head
Yonkyo Fourth pinning technique
Zanshinfollow thru after doing a throw where you settle your center and keep your focus on uke
Zempo KaitenForward roll

 

Counting

Itchi One
Ni Two
San Three
Shi Four
Go Five
Roku Six
Shichi Seven
Hachi Eight
Ku Nine
Ju Ten

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